Listening to the inspirational speech of Monika G. Macdevette, Chief of UNEP Environmental Policy, 300 Korean teenagers dreams of a sustainable society, where global denizens can use eco-friendly profuse energy without limitations.
On October 1st, 2016, Korean adolescents from age 12 to 18 assembled in SNU (Seoul National University) to participate in 2016 UN Youth Environmental Conference.
These students were filtered though strict assessments and were evaluated through pre-elimination essays. Students were acquired to compose these essays under one topic, “Resource Circulation.”
On September 24th, 2016, UN Youth Environmental Conference Work-shop was held in Metropolitan Landfill Site located in Incheon City.
This massive landfill occupies the size of six Yeouido region mustered in one, obviously recorded as one of the biggest landfills in the world.
Students had a chance to observe and understand the whole process of disposal of daily trash. These adolescents were also able to grasp the idea of the system, trash into renewable energy.
The genuine conference was held for 3 days(10/1~10/3) in SNU, led by Eco-Mom Korea, along with UNEP, WFUNA, Ministry of Environment, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ministry of Gender Equality and Family, Seoul Education Office, and LG Household & Health Care Ltd.
Students were separated into six committees: House of Disposable Products, HO Recyclable Products, HO Food Wastes, HO Alternative Energy, HO Ocean Debris, and HO E-Waste.
Applying the system of UN Conference, delegates of individual countries struggled to stand for the benefits of the cosmopolitan.
2016 UN Youth Environmental Conference Resolution of E-Waste Committee
Committee: General Assembly
Question of: E-Waste
The General Assembly,
Emphasizing the amount of e-waste increasing all over the world, from 1,900,000 up to
Recalling the past resolution from the Basel convention entitled “Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal” has dim effects,
Regretting the loosely enforced policies which allowed easy illegal shipment of waste from developed to undeveloped nations and the fact that 90 percent of electronic waste are illegally traded.
Concerned that Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) damages both the environment and humanity and the developing countries have underdeveloped technology that are not capable to recycle the WEEE properly,
Condemning the illegal exportation and importation of e-waste from developed countries to developing countries endanger human health,
Proposes the formation of the United Nations E-Waste Circulation Association (UNECA), which will include all member states of the UN, with the intentions of:
Defining the scale and nature of transboundary e-waste shipments;
Proposing limitations on amounts of E-waste each country imports to tackle;
Demanding developed countries that export e-waste to provide funds for development of safer methods of recycling and/or share efficient and environment-friendly technologies of recycling;
Facilitating the adoption of environmentally sound technologies for recycling for developing countries;
Recommending a form of tractability by both importing and exporting country and keeping a record of the country’s activities;
Enforcing economic sanctions on countries that do not follow the processes of the UNECA;
Suggests all member nations to fully educate the students, the future leaders of the world, such as but not limited to:
Provide technologies including dismantling technologies as a return of using the landfills of the developing countries;
Clarify e-waste terminology and targets;
Develop processing and monitoring standards;
Create educational and information flows regarding e-waste in local communities;
Suggesting the powerful and wealthy countries such as France, Germany, United States of America by 20%, and the other development countries such as Australia, Sweden, Netherlands, The United Kingdom by 10% each fund the UNECA to help the developing countries,
Imposing take-back obligations by local authorities for retailers who send new appliances to send it to manufacturers;
Returning used or end-of-life equipments with issuance date, and the information of the consumer,
Treating recyclable goods properly by the manufacturers,
Clarifying the definition of E-waste to people and how to separate recyclable or reusable products with non-reusable products,
Emphasizing the education system hope to be done in all public schools or even in some workplaces that is exposed to e-waste,
Educating the dangers of the importing countries to laborers on the hazardous substances that can be leaked into the bodies of the laborers,
Extending a new concept,upcycling; creative reuse
Encouragesmember nations of the United Nation to be responsible to their action such as not but limited to:
Insists all member states of UNECA to ratify legislations regarding the enforcement of properly disposing e-waste and requires member states to:
Requests all member nations to develop an international criteria and legislation that nations could ratify such as but not limited to:
The developed countries and the developing countries should construct an international criteria to separate recyclable or reusable with non-reusable products,
Enforce laws on fines and prosecute those who operate and dispose e-waste illegally in the countries that are involved in UNECA by:
All shipping should be carefully monitored;
Entailing a comprehensive inspection of all facilities and localities that recycle;
Implementing a monitoring system of the entire recycling process and the dismantling industry;
Urges all member states of the United Nations to cooperate to find an alternative that can reduce the damages the world are receiving due to illness such as lead poisoning.
National finance of each countries should be put into the find alternative of toxins used in electronic devices
Member states of UN should support engineers to find out alternatives of toxins used.
Member states of UN should provide areas for the research
Hold global conference for engineers of different nation to share the progress in research
Calls for stricter and fairer regulations, such as but not limited to:
Make a limit on the export of toxic e-waste followed by the international criteria and place fines on nations who export more than the limit,
Reinforce legislations like the Basel convention,
Mention the dangers of toxins to the importing countries, granting them a chance to choose whether they will continue import e -waste,