What is Bio-Fuel?
Bio-fuels are liquid fuels that are derived from materials such as wastes of plants or animals.
Why is Bio-Fuel Essential?
Due to the drastic increase of population, food consumption increased, gradually forming bounty of food wastes.
Food waste is being produced excessively and is increasing rapidly due to the immense population growth. Despite all the efforts to reduce the rate of production, it is visually proven that this acceleration is inexorable. As researchers realized this fact, they studied ways to focus on the potential possible solutions that can be advantageous than to dissipate inessential effort.
This alteration of perspective engendered a huge technological advancement. Researchers formulated a method to convert organic waste into useful energy source. Briefly explaining the procedure, the discarded organic waste are reduced in size and fermented. In this process, the solid precipitation are grinded into nutritious fertilizer, and the gas produced are utilized to turn the gas motor, affecting the generator to produce electricity.
Categorizing the benefits of food wastes to Bio- Fuels
Can reduce carbon emission: Environmental Benefit.
Fossil fuel, one of the commonly used fuels is the cause of massive production of carbon dioxide, engendering green house effect, increasing the temperature more than 0.6 Celsius since the year 2000.(When 1 C increases, half of the population of forests of alpine region disappears, and the largest coral reef region, Great Barrier Reef will never regain its original shape caused by bleaching. )
Bio-Fuels can reduce carbon emission by 85% compared to mineral diesel including fossil fuels
With the help of bio-fuels, huge amount of Co2 can be reduced, preventing the potential environmental difficulties.
2. Can increase energy production: Economic Benefit
The world lacks energy. According to US Energy Information Administration(EIA), total energy consumption per year came up to 493 quadrillion (493,000,000,000,000,000).
The world craves for energy. Oil, coal, gas, nuclear energy are the most used energy source in human history: but the global denizen begs for more. Realizing the urgency of the matter, researchers are trying to find an alternative energy source that can be efficient and environmentally harmless. The alternative energy sources brought up till now, has number of flaws that cannot be ignored.
Bio-fuels, on the other hand, are made up of “pure” rubbish. The only requirements are the facilities and professionals of the area.
The whole concept of food wastes being reproduced as crucial energy resource is revolutionary: trash to energy.
3. Can lower space requirements for landfills: Social Benefit
The most popular way to discard food wastes are to pludge them in landfills. This causes environmental, spatial, and social problems. Perilous leachate, land consumption in hectares, and NIMBY(Not In My Back Yard) phenomenon often lacerates relationship between neighbors. Landfills emits unbearable odors and contaminates the land surrounding that area, giving huge disadvantages to the residents inhabiting the region.
However, in the process of creating bio-fuels, the stenches are collected and purified, leaving no scent of reek behind. Also, the wastes are collected in a artificially created room to prevent the leachate from leaking.
The benefits of recycling food waste are clear, increased energy production, lower carbon emissions, lower space requirements for landfills, and lot more.
People should not view food wastes as squalid rubbish,
But as Necessary Source of Energy.